Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison has sought support for an international investigation into the coronavirus pandemic in phone calls with US President Donald Trump and the German and French leaders, the government said on Wednesday.
Australia’s push for an independent review of the origins and spread of the pandemic, including the response of the World Health Organization (WHO), has drawn sharp criticism from China, which has accused Australian lawmakers of taking instructions from the United States.
The new coronavirus, believed to have emerged in a market in the central Chinese city of Wuhan, was first reported by China to the WHO on December 31.
WHO informed member states of the outbreak on January 5 and warned publicly a week later that there was “limited” human-to-human transmission. WHO officials arrived in Wuhan on January 20, after the virus had spread to three other countries. It went on to declare a global emergency on January 30.
The virus has since infected some 2.3 million people globally and killed nearly 160 000, according to Reuters calculations.
Morrison said on Twitter on Wednesday he had “a very constructive discussion” with Trump on the two nation’s responses to Covid-19 and the need to get economies up and running.
The White House has been fiercely critical of China and the WHO, and has withdrawn US funding from the UN agency.
Morrison also spoke to German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron by phone about the role of the WHO, his office said.
We also talked about the @WHO & working together to improve the transparency & effectiveness of international responses to pandemics.
Australia & the US are the best of mates & we’ll continue to align our efforts as we work towards the recovery on the other side of this virus.
I also had calls yesterday with German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President @EmmanuelMacron. We talked about the @WHO and the need for greater international cooperation in response to pandemics, including a vaccine, and as we recover from this global crisis.
WHO director-general Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus has repeatedly said that the UN agency will evaluate its handling of the pandemic after it ends and draw the appropriate lessons, as it does after all emergencies.
“WHO wants this more than any organisation because we want to learn from our mistakes, from our strengths and move forward. But for now the focus should be on fighting this virus,” Tedros told a briefing earlier this month.
In Berlin, the government confirmed that Merkel had spoken with Morrison on Tuesday. Last Friday, her spokesman said: “The coronavirus appeared first in China. China has suffered a lot from the virus and did a lot to fight against spreading.”
Australia is examining whether the WHO should be given powers, similar to international weapons inspectors, to enter a country to investigate an outbreak without having to wait for consent, a government source told Reuters.
Senior Australian lawmakers have also questioned Beijing’s transparency over the pandemic.
China’s embassy in Canberra said in a statement late on Tuesday that Australian lawmakers were acting as the mouthpiece of Trump and “certain Australian politicians are keen to parrot what those Americans have asserted and simply follow them in staging political attacks on China”.
But Foreign Affairs Minister Marise Payne has instead cast Australia as taking the lead in establishing an investigation because it was “a liberal democracy with a proved history of shaping constructive global co-operation”.
No country “need feel singled out”, she wrote in the Australian newspaper.
Richard McGregor, senior fellow with foreign policy think tank The Lowy Institute, said the vitriolic reaction from Chinese diplomats towards Australia, even as France and Germany also called for more transparency from Beijing, showed “how bad bilateral relations are”.
Morrison had been restrained in his comments about China, McGregor said, “but that doesn’t seem to have won him any brownie points in Beijing, which now has a settled view of Australia as a U.S. lackey”.
Ties between Australia and China have soured in recent years, with Canberra the first government to exclude telecoms equipment maker Huawei Technologies from its 5G network.
Still, China is Australia’s largest trading partner, buying more than one-third of the country’s total exports, particularly iron ore and coal.
Treasurer Josh Frydenberg said on Wednesday that Australia maintains “a good relationship at the commercial level with China” and local jobs relied on this.
Australia has recorded just over 6,600 cases of the virus nationally, with four new cases on Wednesday. Infection rates have slowed from 25% in mid-March to less than 1% a day.
Lawmakers plan to ease some curbs, with Australia’s iconic Bondi Beach to partially reopen next week.