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PhD controversy and fate of medical teachers

PhD controversy and fate of medical teachers


A row between the Nationwide Universities Fee (NUC) and the Medical and Dental Consultants Affiliation of Nigeria (MDCAN), over the expediency of the PhD qualification for medical lecturers, was resolved final week with each events agreeing that the PhD was not obligatory for medical lecturersNonetheless, docs are sad concerning the seemingly elevation of the PhD over the postgraduate fellowship, experiences KOFOWOROLA BELO-OSAGIE.

After about two months of preventing the Nationwide Universities Fee (NUC), over its round that said that medical docs with PhDs would progress quicker of their careers than these with out, the Medical and Dental Consultants Affiliation of Nigeria (MDCAN) bought victory final week with a reversal that made the PhD non-obligatory.

The decision adopted an intervention assembly hosted by the Home Committees on Well being and Well being Providers and Tertiary Training final week Tuesday; and one other on Wednesday between each events in addition to the Nationwide Postgraduate Medical Faculty of Nigeria (NPMCN), Nigerian Medical Affiliation (NMA), and different stakeholders in medical training.

An announcement signed by the MDCAN President, Prof. Ken Ozoilo, and Secretary Basic, Dr. M. P. Chingle, famous: “At the end of the meeting, the following resolutions were reached: That the Fellowship is the highest qualification for clinical specialists and remains the qualification for employment for clinical lecturers into the university (Lecturer I); That the PhD is the highest academic qualification in the university; That the possession of PhD by clinical lecturers is voluntary and optional; That non-possession of PhD will not hinder the clinical lecturer from being promoted from one rank to the other up to the level of professor in the Nigerian university system.”

Nonetheless, the state of affairs didn’t utterly return to establishment.  The NUC introduced the introduction of a PhD programme in Medical Sciences.

In a round, the Government Secretary, Prof. Abubakar Rasheed, mentioned the programme was launched to create a transparent qualification path for medical docs who train within the Nigerian college system (NUS).

He mentioned: “In its renewed dedication to reposition medical training in Nigeria for optimum influence within the society and according to international finest practices, the Nationwide Universities Fee (NUC) has been conferring with officers of the Nationwide Postgraduate Medical Faculty of Nigeria (NPMCN) and different essential stakeholders on the way in which ahead within the supply of high quality medical training in Nigeria. One of many points on the entrance burner is the postgraduate coaching for medical lecturers, which has no clear-cut pointers for Masters and PhD programmes within the Medical Sciences.

To this finish, after exhaustive deliberation at sequence of conferences held between the Fee and the Administration of the Nationwide Postgraduate Medical Faculty of Nigeria (NPMCN), stakeholders unanimously agreed to introduce PhD programmes within the Medical Sciences within the Nigerian College System, for the postgraduate coaching of medical practitioners, particularly for these within the academia.

Presently, medical college students are taught clinicals by lecturers in medical faculties and consultants from instructing hospitals. The pathway to specialisation in numerous fields of drugs is thru the Fellowship coaching by the Nationwide Postgraduate Medical Faculty of Nigeria (NPMCN), West African Faculty of Physicians (WACP) and West African Faculty of Surgeons (WACS), amongst others.  It entails examinations in numerous levels and a dissertation. Medical docs working in instructing hospitals want this coaching to turn into consultants. Lecturers within the Faculties of Medication have on the again of Fellowship been promoted to professorial cadre.

Nonethelessfamous that the brand new PhD in Medical Sciences was non-obligatory, when he mentioned: “For the avoidance of doubt, the PhD diploma is very advisable however non-obligatory”, many medical docs suppose introducing the PhD may stand as a street block to their careers in future.

To get the PhD, which the NUC stipulates ought to final between six semesters (full-time) and 9 semesters (part-time), fellows of the NPMCN are solely required to do a thesis.

He mentioned: For candidates with Full Fellowships of the Nationwide Postgraduate Medical Faculty of Nigeria (NPMCN), the West African Faculty of Physicians (WACP) or the West African Faculty of Surgeons (WACS), the course work shall be waived. Nonetheless, they shall be required to submit and defend a thesis for commencement in 24 months.

However medical docs suppose the Fellowship is rigorous sufficient and shouldn’t be overshadowed by the PhD – which they equate with the MBBS, being a twin diploma.  Some underneath MDCAN really feel the PhD was an assault on the Fellowship.

One in all them mentioned: “Well, the NUC circular didn’t categorically say that Fellowship is the highest qualification for clinical lecturers. It in fact, stated that it is expedient for fellows to acquire the PhD.” One other physician mentioned the PhD was a ploy to exclude medical lecturers from instructing in medical faculty.

The supply famous: “I still insist that no medical practitioner in clinical practice requires a PhD for anything! This is one of the fallouts of the policies of MDCN/NPMCN to do away with non-doctors teaching medical students by 2019.” But, one other requested: “If a fellow needs to do 24 months to get a PhD, what then is the fellowship?”

How robust is the Fellowship? In an interview, Provost, Faculty of Medication, College of Lagos (CMUL), Prof. Foluso Afolabi Lesi, mentioned Fellowship coaching was rigorous.

He mentioned: “Effectively the medical lecturers themselves have gone by means of a course of examine which embody a analysis that has led to the award of their fellowship which is not like anotherIt’s a fellowship that has gone by means of it rigorous and scientific scholarship and all that. So, for years the NUC have accepted that the medical lecturers don’t require a PhD. However the PhD is an effective qualification to have for many who are simply within the

For instructing in medical faculties, the apply overseas is just not a requirement. Wanting on the workers school of medical faculties throughout the nation, in fact you will see people who find themselves actively concerned in analysis they usually have PhDs; additionally, you will discover a vital quantity (majority)of people that don’t have PhDs and are instructing. PhD is nice, I’m not saying that it’s a dangerous qualification to have, however it isn’t a requirement on this case. Moreover, within the medical career there’s a doctrine to medication which in itself might be equal to a doctorate in science that can be a excessive diploma that medical docs and dentists can aspire to have, however it isn’t a requirement for instructing undergraduate in universities.”

A famend Professor of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, who doesn’t need to be named, additionally mentioned the Fellowship was rigorous sufficient.  He mentioned PhD ought to stay non-obligatory given the sensible nature of medical apply.

He mentioned: “Medicine has its practical side so you cannot separate teaching aspects from clinical aspects.  After university education, you gain MBBS.  There should be a comma between MB and BS becuause they are two degrees – Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.  After the MBBS and you get registered by the Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria (MDCN) some may just begin to practice while some may opt for fellowship to become specialists. Training during Fellowship is very intense.  It has to do with laborartory services, patient care; you learn under a consultan; you learn how to write papers and carry out research because at the end of the Fellowship you submit a dissertation based on quality research.  When they finish, some become consultants, some go into teaching line, continue writing papers and can become professors.”  He mentioned this could stay the case.

He suggested that additional {qualifications} ought to be based mostly on particular person curiosityUtilizing himself as instance, he mentioned he obtained M.S.C PhD and M.D after his medical diploma out of curiosity and want to continue learning and fascinating in analysis.  He nonetheless famous that the main focus ought to be on lecturers participating in steady analysis actions that add to information quite than gathering certificates.

Individuals ought to proceed studying.  Let funds be generously out there for instructing and analysis; salaries ought to be enticing so individuals received’t go overseas.  Our persons are doing effectively overseas,” he mentioned.

Dr. Ona Utuama, A household doctor hospitalist and public well being researcher training within the U.S., mentioned the present apply is normal worldwide apply.

If we observe the American or British system, what we’re doing now’s what’s normal. Medical levels are doctorate levels, medication is product of theoretical non-clinical after which medical…my query is, is that this the issue with our nation’s medical instructional system?” she mentioned.

On her half, Dr. Ndidi Obadan a Fellow, American Society of Nephrology, mentioned choice to stay in medical or analysis observe ought to relaxation with the medical practitioner.

Within the U.S. the Educational professors largely have PhD to permit them write grants, perform initiatives and usually present their experience as Academicians. PhD can do laboratory analysis or medical analysis (that’s with sufferers).

The medical professors have demonstrated excellence in buying all of the medical levels essential to apply medication within the hospitals. They’re treating sufferers within the hospital and of their workplacesThey don’t essentially have analysis levels if they don’t seem to be planning to conduct analysis.

Some docs within the US need to do each medical and analysis.  Like me, so I’ve fulfilled all my medical obligations. Together with a medical fellowship however that didn’t cease me from getting my grasp’s diplomaUltimately I intend to get my PhD. My title now’s MS, MS. Once I get my PhD will probably be MD PhD.

Within the US some medical faculties supply a twin diploma MD PhD which is barely longer than simply MD and has much more necessities to graduate.

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